Stop the exploitation

Archive for February, 2013

Rebecca Francis shoots charging lion

Lion slaughter on one knee

Lion hunt with Ubathi


Lion Hunt with Ubathi in South Africa. Video was edited as part of a 45 minute program. I did not shoot the video, but from my understanding, the lion is an older lion and the meat goes to the locals.

Lion cub pimping (volunteering)

The South African captive lion breeding industry find new and ingenious ways every day to exploit lions. A very popular way to do so is to lure mainly international young people to volunteer in South Africa and help raise and care for lion cubs that will be supposedly returned to the wild.  This industry along with the intensive handling of lion cubs for photographic opportunities have become know as “animal pimping.

It is not just lion cubs that are exploited in this manner, but various other large and small predator cubs as well.  South Africa has numerous “petting parks” and breeding facilities that supply cubs to the pet trade.

Those that promotes these unethical practises claim that: “It’s a must-do tourist attraction and every year thousands of people visit facilities where they can hug a cub – South Africa’s latest plaything. ‘We play with them, they keep us amused and we keep them amused.’


What most volunteers do not realise is that the beautiful little cubs they mistakenly believe they are hand rearing for conservation purposes and release back to the wild is more likely to end up as a hunters trophy or to be butchered to supply a growing demand for lions bones to the east asian markets.  Maybe some volunteers do know, but are simply as cruel as the volunteer projects owners and really do not care what actually happen to the lion cubs on the long-term as long as they get the short-term opportunity to play with the young animals.

1 Million to ban the lion trade

Hundreds of South African lions are being slaughtered to make bogus sex potions for men in Asia. But a global public campaign can stop this cruel trade by hitting the government where it hurts — the tourism industry.

A ban on tiger bone sales has traders hunting a new prize — the majestic lions. Lions are farmed under appalling conditions for “canned hunting”, where rich tourists pay thousands to shoot them through fences. Now experts say lion bones from these killing farms are being exported to phony ‘medicine’ makers in Asia for record profits. Trade is exploding and experts fear that as prices rise, even wild lions — with only 20,000 left in Africa — will come under poaching attack.

Walking with lions

Since 1997 when the Cooke Report first screened a horrific documentary in the United Kingdom about the hunting of captive lions in South Africa the country has found new horrific ways to continue the exploitation of the King of the Beasts.  Nature Conservation Departments seems disinterested to ensure the ethical treatment of lions and continue to issue permits to expand an industry that has perfected the exploitation of a majestic creature and icon.

Tourism is big business in South Africa and as the industry expands and more and more tourists arrive “Walking with lions” is at the order of the day and permits to conduct such walking excursions have been issued to numerous lodges, hotels and private game farms.  One only has to use popular internet search engines and type in “walking with lions” to see how many such establishments have mushroomed out of control in South Africa.

You may ask what is wrong with walking with lions?  The animals are not “harmed” and are not hunted.  Sadly this is exactly the type of response that the owners of such establishments are banking on.  The ignorance of tourists or visitors is exactly what they are hoping for.  However not everyone can be fooled all of the time.  In this instance logic is the best cautionary principle to apply.  In order to prepare lions so that they will accept humans as their walking companions cubs are forcefully removed off their mothers at various captive lion breeding projects.  Such cubs are then sold to their new owners that normally hand raise them and interact with them intensively to get the animals totally habituated and accustomed to people.  Sadly lions grow up and as they grow up they are no longer suitable (or safe) to accompany humans on long walks.  As much as some people would like to ignore the fact that lions are wild animals and remain unpredictable; lions are wild creatures and there will be a day and time when a lion could attack and kill a person.

Owners of “walking with lions” establishments are taking huge risks with the lives and safety of members of the public and in many cases try to minimize the risk by selling off lions when they become unsuitable for use or show any signs of aggression.  In many instances such lions are then “moved along” into breeding camps to produce new cubs that will subsequently hand raised and trained for walking with lions.

Many of the lions used in the past for “walking with lion” excursions have ended up on hunting farms where they are offered to rich trophy hunters by unethical hunting outfitters.

Lutalo’s Pride

small-cub-peeping-through-fenceLutalo and his sister Aisha arrived at SanWild when they were merely three months old. The two small cubs had been exploited by being displayed at various shopping centers in Johannesburg so that the general public could have their photographs taken with them.

Sadly, in order to keep the cubs calm and easy manageable, drugs were used repeatedly to calm them and as a result, Lutalo developed an allergic reaction to the drugs. His owners’ rushed him to a local veterinarian that took pity on the cubs and phoned SanWild for assistance. He informed us that should any further drugs be used on the small male cub, he would most certainly die. This particular veterinarian did not support the commercialization of lions held in the many captive breeding projects and expressed his wish to work with SanWild to try to ensure a better future for the two small cubs.

An urgent email was sent to our list of dedicated donors and soon afterwards we received the response we were hoping for, someone who was willing to supply the funding which would enable SanWild to purchase the two cubs.

The two young cubs quickly settled at SanWild in their own large outdoor natural habitat enclosure.  From day one a decision was made to not try and tame down the cubs anymore, but to allow them the freedom they needed to get over the traumatic experiences they had while being intensively handled by humans all of the time.  Within days they both lapped up milk and started eating the chopped up meat that was provided for them at regular intervals.  At night they chose to snuggle up in a built up sleeping pen and if it became necessary for us to capture them it was as easy as to simply close the sleeping pen’s door.lioncubs

Lutalo and his sister grew up pretty wild and soon the two cubs instinctively started “hunting” in the large enclosure.  Their prey items started with rats and mice and it was quite cute to see Aisha running away from her brother with a large rat she caught.  As they grew older a larger enclosure was constructed adjoining their camp and the two lions were eventually allowed to cross over into the 6 hectare enclosure.  The pair’s hunting instincts improved and Lutalo perfected a technique to catch guinea fowl under thicket.  He would wait patiently for the birds to move under the thick layer of branches to feed and then he would strike with lightning speed when they could not get airborne.  He killed numerous birds in this manner and it was his developed taste for the birds’ meat that caused his accident we believe.

A report that Lutalo was nowhere to be seen came in early that morning.  His sister Aisha could be seen some distance away sitting down in the bush softly moaning.  She would get up walk halfway to the camps fence and dash off back again to the same spot in the camp repeatedly.  Something was wrong and thinking back now at the very close emotional bond shared by this brother and sister still make my skin crawl.  This is when I first realized the very strong ties that existed between members of a lion pride.

With great difficultly Aisha was lured into the adjoining smaller camp and at great risk to our own safety we entered the camp on foot to look for Lutalo as the thick bush made it impossible to navigate with a vehicle.  He was spotted at the exact spot where Aisha held up for some hours.  He was injured, but still able to walk, but at that point he was in such obvious pain that the last thing he was interested in was to even try to attack us.  He could put any weight on one of his back legs but it did not seem broken at the time. A veterinarian was called to dart the lion after which he was transported to a veterinary clinic 60 kilometers away to do the necessary X-rays to determine the extent of his injury.

In the meantime we inspected the site where he was lying to try to find out how he got injured.  Broken branches and scratch marks showed that the almost fully grown lion had climbed into a tree and had lost his balance to come crushing down to the ground breaking branches as he fell.

The x-rays revealed that Lutalo had shattered the femur head in his one hip.  This in my opinion spelled disaster and I was convinced that this lion, of which I had grown so fond, would have to be put down.  Our local veterinarian scheduled an appointment with a veterinary orthopedic surgeon at the Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute – South Africa’s primary veterinary training facility in Pretoria.

Early the next morning shortly after 05h00am Lutalo, myself and our veterinarian were all packed into the small aircraft with a very nervous pilot who did not quite trust the sleeping lion lying next to him in the passenger seat of the small aircraft.  Fortunately his nerves lasted until we landed at the Wonderboom airport from where the veterinary orthopedic surgeon collected his patient.

Waiting for aircraft to be cleared for take off.
Sedated Lutalo loaded on passenger seat next to the pilot
On arrival at Wonderboom Lutalo is removed from the small plane

X-rays were done again, but this time with a specialist machine that also gave 3D impressions.  When I looked at the surgeon’s face while he was studying the x-rays he smiled to himself and for me desperately searching for any sign that Lutalo would be okay a small ray of light went up.  The good news was that a femur head amputation would be attempted on the adult lion, but nobody knew exactly how successful the operation would prove to be or if the lion would be able to live a normal life afterwards. Only time would tell.

In an amazingly high tech and almost bloodless operation 3 hour operation the femur head was removed and the wound stitched closed using internal stitches so that the lion would not bite at the wound to pull out stitches.

Lutalo in the theater
Louise and Lutalo

We arrived back at Wonderboom shortly before sunset for our return flight to Phalaborwa airport.  By this time our pilot were feeling a lot more comfortable with the sleeping lions, but insisted every 10 minutes or so that I checked in the torch-light to see if he was still sleeping okay.  At this stage Lutalo had been kept under sedation for close on 14 hours and I knew I would only relaxed when we got back to SanWild.

By the next morning Lutalo was up on his feet and although he still did not put weight on his leg, he moved around with his sister seemingly without any pain. The distress he was in the morning after he broke his femur was not observed anymore and I felt quite relieved.  Maybe this lion did stand a chance to make a full recovery after-all?

Six months later Lutalo was back to his old normal self.  Walking on his leg as if nothing had ever gone wrong, as if he had never broken a femur at all.  His recovery superseded all my expectations.

When Jespha’s pride arrived at SanWild, the three sisters were placed in an adjoining enclosure to Jespha and Aisha and soon the lions were socializing on the common fence. Tension filled the air as the date approached to allow the five lions to mingle with each other seeing as they had been held in separate facilities (with an adjoining fence). We were extremely relieved to see the almost fully grown lions accepted each other and formed a new pride

Today Lutalo and his sister are two stunning adult lions and we are so proud to know that we were instrumental in giving them a safe and secure life with others of their own kind.